I have a dream that ( Dr. Martin L King)

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I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr.

I Have a Dream speech by Martin Luther King .Jr HD (subtitled) – YouTube

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to searchNot to be confused with Martin Luther.”Martin Luther King” and “MLK” redirect here. For other uses, see Martin Luther King (disambiguation) and MLK (disambiguation).

The ReverendMartin Luther King Jr.
King in 1964
1st President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
In office
January 10, 1957 – April 4, 1968
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byRalph Abernathy
Personal details
BornMichael King Jr.
January 15, 1929
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
DiedApril 4, 1968 (aged 39)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Cause of deathAssassination (by gunshot)
Resting placeMartin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park
Spouse(s)Coretta Scott ​(m. 1953)​
ChildrenYolandaMartinDexterBernice
Parent(s)Martin Luther King Sr.Alberta Williams King
RelativesChristine King Farris (sister)Alfred Daniel Williams King (brother)Alveda King (niece)
EducationMorehouse College (BA)Crozer Theological Seminary (BDiv)Boston University (PhD)
OccupationBaptist ministeractivist
Known forCivil rights movementPeace movement
AwardsNobel Peace Prize (1964)Presidential Medal of Freedom (posthumously, 1977)Congressional Gold Medal (posthumously, 2004)
MemorialsMartin Luther King Jr. Memorial
Signature
This article is part of
a series aboutMartin Luther King Jr.
BiographySermons and speechesCampaignsMontgomery bus boycottPrayer Pilgrimage for FreedomYouth March for Integrated SchoolsAlbany MovementBirmingham campaignWalk to FreedomMarch on Washington
for Jobs and Freedom
St. Augustine movementSelma to Montgomery marchesChicago Open Housing MovementMarch Against FearMemphis sanitation strikePoor People’s CampaignDeath and memorialAssassinationFuneralAmerican federal holiday passageNational memorialNational Historical Park
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Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesman and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. An African American church leader and the son of early civil rights activist and minister Martin Luther King Sr., King advanced civil rights for people of color in the United States through nonviolence and civil disobedience. Inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi, he led targeted, nonviolent resistance against Jim Crow and other forms of discrimination.

King participated in and led marches for the right to votedesegregationlabor rights, and other civil rights.[1] He oversaw the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and later became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). As president of the SCLC, he led the unsuccessful Albany Movement in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize some of the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. King was one of the leaders of the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. The civil rights movement achieved pivotal legislative gains in the Civil Rights Act of 1964Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968.

The SCLC put into practice the tactics of nonviolent protest with some success by strategically choosing the methods and places in which protests were carried out. There were several dramatic stand-offs with segregationist authorities, who sometimes turned violent.[2] Several times King would be jailed. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Director J. Edgar Hoover considered King a radical and made him an object of the FBI’s COINTELPRO from 1963, forward. FBI agents investigated him for possible communist ties, spied on his personal life, and secretly recorded him. The FBI in 1964 mailed King a threatening anonymous letter, which he interpreted as an attempt to make him commit suicide.[3]

On October 14, 1964, King won the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolent resistance. In 1965, he helped organize two of the three Selma to Montgomery marches. In his final years, he expanded his focus to include opposition towards povertycapitalism, and the Vietnam War. In 1968, King was planning a national occupation of Washington, D.C., to be called the Poor People’s Campaign, when he was assassinated on April 4 in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by national mourning, as well as anger leading to riots in many U.S. cities. King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2003. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in cities and states throughout the United States beginning in 1971; the holiday was enacted at the federal level by legislation signed by President Ronald Reagan in 1986. Hundreds of streets in the U.S. have been renamed in his honor, and the most populous county in Washington State was rededicated for him. The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was dedicated in 2011.

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