Weapons to Ukraine: Which countries sent what?

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Weapons to Ukraine: Which countries sent what?

Despite promises of arms transfers, Kyiv says it is still outgunned by Russian forces and is pleading for more heavy weapons.

Airmen and civilians from the 436th Aerial Port Squadron palletize ammunition, weapons and other equipment bound for Ukraine during a foreign military sales mission at Dover Air Force Base, Delaware.
United States airmen prepare ammunition, weapons, and other equipment bound for Ukraine at Dover Air Force Base in Dover, Delaware, the US [File: Mauricio Campino/US Air Force via AP]

Published On 5 Jun 20225 Jun 2022

Numerous countries have sent arms to Ukraine since Russia invaded on February 24.

Most recently, the United States agreed to supply Kyiv with advanced rocket-launch systems to try to turn the tide of the war in the eastern Donbas region, where the main city of Severodonetsk is under attack by Russian forces.

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Despite the promises of support, Kyiv says it is still outgunned and is pleading for more heavy weapons.

Ukraine said on Sunday that its war with Russia had entered into a protracted phase and it needed continuous military support, not just one-offs.

“The West must understand that its help cannot be a one-time thing, but something that continues until our victory,” Ukraine’s Deputy Defence Minister Ganna Malyar told local media.

Below is a look at the weaponry pledged by some countries – some sent, some not. It is not an exhaustive list, as some nations keep their transfers secret.

https://youtube.com/watch?v=sJBISRqF7ng%3Fversion%3D3%26rel%3D1%26showsearch%3D0%26showinfo%3D1%26iv_load_policy%3D1%26fs%3D1%26hl%3Den-US%26autohide%3D2%26wmode%3Dtransparent

United States

The US said last week that it agreed to Kyiv’s request for high-mobility artillery rocket systems (HIMARS) multiple-rocket launchers, which will allow Ukrainian forces to hit deeper behind Russian lines while staying out of range of Russian artillery.

The HIMARS – which will be limited in range by the US to prevent Ukrainian forces from using them to strike targets inside Russia – are part of a $700m package of weapons to be paid for from a $40bn fund for Ukraine approved by Congress last month.

The administration of US President Joe Biden has already sent $4.5bn in military aid since the war began.

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The weapons pledged or sent include 72 155mm howitzers, 72 vehicles to tow them, 144,000 rounds of ammunition, and more than 120 Phoenix Ghost tactical drones recently developed by the US Air Force specifically to address Ukraine’s needs.

The US has also pledged helicopters, armoured personnel carriers, 1,400 Stinger anti-aircraft systems, 5,000 Javelin anti-tank missiles, several thousand rifles with ammunition and a range of other equipment.

A Ukrainian service member holds a Javelin missile system at a position on the front line in the north Kyiv region [File: Gleb Garanich/Reuters]
A Ukrainian soldier carries a Javelin missile system to a position on the front line in the north Kyiv region [File: Gleb Garanich/Reuters]

Turkey

Turkey’s Bayraktar TB2 combat drones have become famous the world over since the war began, with videos going viral of Ukrainian forces using them to destroy convoys of Russian armoured vehicles and artillery.

Ukraine also said it used a TB2 to distract the defences of the Russian warship Moskva before pounding it with missiles in mid-April, causing it to sink.

Before the invasion, Ukraine had about 20 TB2s. In March, Kyiv said it received more, without saying how many.

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United Kingdom

Britain said on May 20 that it has committed $566m so far to supporting the Ukrainian military.

The government said the aid included 120 armoured vehicles, 5,800 anti-tank missiles, five air defence systems, 1,000 rockets, and 4.5 tonnes of explosives.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson also promised electronic warfare equipment, a counter-battery radar system, GPS jamming equipment, and thousands of night-vision devices.

Britain said it has also trained more than 22,000 Ukrainian soldiers.

Canada

Canada has supplied Ukraine with $208m worth of military aid since February.

In late May, the federal government said it was sending 20,000 artillery shells to go with the M777 howitzers it already transferred to boost Ukraine’s defences in the Donbas.

Ottawa has also sent drone cameras, rifles, ammunition, high-resolution satellite imagery, rocket launchers, thousands of hand grenades, and two tactical airlift aircraft.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Ukraine's President Volodymyr Zelenskyy attend a news conference in Kyiv.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau met Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy during a visit to Kyiv on May 8 [Valentyn Ogirenko/Reuters]

Germany

Chancellor Olaf Scholz said last week that he would send Ukraine an air defence system capable of shielding a “large city” from Russian air raids.

Scholz said Germany would also deploy a tracking-radar system capable of detecting enemy artillery fire. His government has been accused of being slow to arm Kyiv.

In late April, Berlin broke with its policy of sending only defensive weapons and agreed to supply Ukraine with self-propelled howitzers and tanks.

Germany has been negotiating with countries in eastern and southern Europe about sending some of their Soviet-era equipment to Ukraine in return for newer German models.

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